Moises de miguel angel
Moses miguel angel horns
In 1505 Pope Julius II had commissioned a young Michelangelo to create a monumental tomb. After several vicissitudes and three projects, the tomb was completed in 1545, with a totally different sense to that which the pontiff had envisaged. From a free-standing structure of various heights with dozens of figures, it moved on to another attached to a wall with only seven sculptures, not all of which were made by Michelangelo’s chisel.
The iconography represented is that of Moses with the Tablets of the Law on his right side. On his head he has the typical horns of this prophet. Why does Moses have horns on his head? It is due to a mistranslation of the Hebrew of the book of Exodus by St. Jerome. In the religious text it is said that Moses came down from Mount Sinai emanating rays of light, granted by Yahweh. It seems that the word “light” and “horn” sound similar in Hebrew and the translator of the Vulgate chose the second term, which was thus manifested in the artistic representations of the biblical character. There are also authors who defend that only Jesus Christ could have a divine light, which is why Moses was left with his horns on his head.
The piety of michelangelo
Monti is one of the most appreciated and beautiful areas of Rome. The area is crossed by via Cavour, which starts from via dei Fori Imperiali and goes up to Monte Esquilino, about halfway along via Cavour, on the right side, there is the steep staircase of via San Francesco di Paola. Once over the narrow steps you reach the square of San Pietro ad Vincula, dominated by the sixteenth-century facade of the church of the same name.
CuriositiesDue to disagreements between the pope and Michelangelo, the work destined for St. Peter’s Basilica was placed in St. Peter’s ad Vincula. Julius II was completely absorbed by the reconstruction of St. Peter’s in the Vatican and put aside the idea of his mausoleum.The horns that appear on the head of Moses derive from a mistranslation of the Book of Exodus in which it is narrated that Moses, while descending from Sinai, had two rays coming out of his forehead. In Hebrew “karan” or “karnaim” (“thunderbolt”) can be confused with “keren” (“horn”).
Michelangelo’s paintings at the vatican
Michelangelo’s Moses is a 16th century Renaissance sculpture. It is the central figure of the tomb of Pope Julius II, in the church of San Pietro in Vincoli, in Rome, made between 1513 – 1515. It is made of Carrara marble, round, full body and seated.
It is a Renaissance sculpture of the XVI century, belonging to the Cinquecento period in Italy. It is the central figure of the tomb of Pope Julius II, located in the church of San Pietro in Vincoli in Rome. It was made in 1515 by Michelangelo Buonarotti, Florentine sculptor. It is made of white Carrara marble and is a free-standing or round sculpture, full-length and seated, although given the configuration of the tomb (facade type attached to the wall), the work can only be viewed frontally.
The modeling is perfect; Michelangelo has treated marble, his favorite material, as if it were the most docile of materials (clay, plasticine, etc.). The anatomical study is of astonishing naturalism (the arms of the prophet exhibit the strength and tension of an athlete, despite his mature age). The polished white marble lets the light slip through. The clothes fall in folds of great naturalism, where the contrasts of light and shadow caused by the deep hollows in the marble, give the figure its resounding volume.
The tomb of Julius II, a colossal structure that was to give Michelangelo enough space for his superhuman and tragic beings, became one of the great disappointments of the artist’s life when the pope, without offering any explanation, stopped the donations, possibly diverting those funds to Donato Bramante’s reconstruction of St. Peter’s. The original project consisted of a free-standing, unsupported, three-tiered structure with approximately 40 statues. After the pope’s death in 1513, the scale of the project was gradually reduced until, in 1542, a final contract specified a tomb with a simple wall and less than a third of the figures included in the original project.
The first depiction of Moses with horns appears in an eleventh-century Anglo-Saxon manuscript (ca. 1050),a paraphrase of the Pentateuch and Joshua written by the monk Aelfric .:13-15 Similar images are common throughout Western Europe thereafter,:61-65including the stained glass windows of the cathedrals of Chartres and Notre Dame and the Sainte-Chapelle. :65-74